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Edition

 GENERAL

OVERVIEW 

The first eight editions of Encyclopaedia Britannica, issued from 1768-1860, comprise a total of 143 volumes. The Britannica was first issued in Edinburgh in 100 weekly parts (forming 3 volumes) from 1768 to 1771 and illustrated with 160 copperplate engravings.

The Britannica set the standard for modern encyclopedias and is sometimes seen as an enduring product of the Scottish Enlightenment. These volumes were a compendium of current and practical knowledge made relatively affordable by the initial efforts of Macfarquhar and Bell and by Smellie’s views on the democratisation of knowledge and the axiom, with which he opens the Preface to the first edition, that “utility ought to be the principal intention of every publication.

(National Library of Scotland)

REFERENCED

TOPIC

 

[ Anatomy ]:

ABDOMEN : 

in anatomy, is that part of the trunk of the body which lies between the thorax and the bottom of the pelvis. See Anatomy, part

RESPIRATION :

the aft of respiring or breathing the air. See Anatomy, p. 281.

MYOLOGY :

that part of anatomy which treats of the muscles of the human body. See Anatomy, Part

(referenced topics in the first edition)

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Edition
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[ Architecture ]:

PILLAR : 

iin architecture, a kind of irregular column, round and infulated, but deviating from the proportions of a juft column. See Architecture.

 

CONSOLE :

tin architedlure, an ornament cut upon the key of an arch, which has a projefture, and, on oc- cafion, ferves to fupport little corniches, figures, bulls, and vafes. See Architecture.

ENTABLATURE :

or Entablement, in architec ture, is that part of an order of a column which is over the capital, and comprehends the architrave, frieze,. and corniche. See Architecture.

(referenced topics in the first edition)

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[ Agriculture ]:

PLOUGH : 

in agriculture, a machine for turning up the foil, contrived to fave the time, labour, and expence, that without this indrument mud have been employed in dig ging land, to prepare it for the flawing of all kinds of grain. See Agriculture, p. 54.

RADICLE :

tthat part of the feeds of all plants, which up on vegetating becomes its root, and is difcoverable by the microfcope. See Agriculture, p. 41.

SEMINATION :

denotes the manner, or a<5t, offhedding and difperfing the feeds of plants. See Agriculture, P- 59

(referenced topics in the first edition)

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[ Botany ]:

FRUCTIFICATION : 

among, botanists, in a mere lax sense, includes the flower and fruit, with their several coverings. See Botany.

SILIQUA :

a term used by botanids to denote a pod. Siliqua. See Botany, p. 637.

HUSK :

the same with what botanists call the calix, or cup of a flower. See Botany,, p. 636, 6c.

(referenced topics in the first edition)

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Edition
[ Chemistry ]:

DEFLAGRATION : 

in chemistry, the kindling or set ting fire to a fait or mineral, <bc. either alone, or mix ed for that purpose with a sulphureous one in order to purify it. See Chemistry.

MENSTRUUM :

in chemistry, any body which in a fluid or subtilised state is capable of interposing its small parts betwixt the small parts of other bodies, To as to divide them subtilely, and form a new uniform compound of the two. See Chemistry.

MIXTURE :

a compound, or assemblage of several different bodies in the fame mass. See Chemistry. 

(referenced topics in the first edition)

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